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First mention of Kili by Westerners: John Rebmann, published account in 1849.

First climbed: Hans Meyer, 1889.

The highest point in Tanzania (and Africa) is Mount Kilimanjaro, a volcano which reaches 5,895 metres.

Kilimanjaro is composed of three extinct volcanoes. Kibo (5895 meters), Mawenzi (5149 meters) and Shira (3962 meters). It is one of the world's highest free standing mountains: its mass rises 4800 meters above a rolling plain that averages 1000 meters above sea level. After reaching a height thought to be 5900 meters during its last major eruption 360,000 years ago, Kibo has been eroded by glaciers, rivers and landslides to its present height. It is believed that Kilimanjaro, like its neighbor Mt. Kenya, is losing glaciers due to global warming.

The Name Kilimanjaro: Given the stature and greatness of Kilimanjaro, there is relatively little recorded history of the peak. Even the origins of the name present somewhat of a dilemma. May people believe the name derived from the Kishwahili tribal name, Kilima meaning mountain. The local Wachagga people claim to have no name for Kilimanjaro, but did name the dual peaks Kipoo and Kimawenzi.

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